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Building Mono on Mac OS X (2011 Edition)

Quite a bit has changed since I wrote my post a few years ago on building Mono for OS X. So much has changed, in fact, that I've decided that a new post on the topic is in order. These instructions assume that you're using Snow Leopard. They should work on Leopard with minimal changes, but your mileage may vary.

Prerequisites

Installing the prerequisites for Mono is much simpler than it once was. Previously, Mono had external dependencies like glib, which would mean you'd need to install MacPorts, but they've taken steps in the last year to reduce and eliminate such dependencies.

Git

If you haven't yet heard about git, stop hiding under that rock! The Mono source is hosted on GitHub, so if you want to download and build it, you'll need a copy of Git. You can acquire it here.

XCode

XCode 4 is now a $4.99 download in the Mac app store. If you're too cheap for that, you can still (as of the time of this writing) grab XCode 3 here (free registration required). A copy may also be on one of the discs that came with your Mac.

Mono

While you can (theoretically) bootstrap Mono, it's not something I recommend unless you enjoy pain. Save yourself some trouble and download the latest version here.

Get the Source

The Mono source code is now hosted on GitHub. Open your Terminal and clone the repository by issuing the command

git clone git://github.com/mono/mono.git

Build and Install

First, you'll need to run autogen.sh. Here's how I usually invoke it:

./autogen.sh --with-sgen=no --with-xen_opt=no --prefix=/opt/mono-`git rev-parse HEAD` --with-mcs-docs=no --disable-nls

My rationale for each option is listed below.

Assuming that autogen.sh completes successfully, you can now build it with

make -j1

Depending upon how your development environment is set up, you may not need the -j1. However, if your default MAKEFLAGS has a different -j option, you'll want to use this. Otherwise, the Mono build can fail in strange ways. Once this is done, run sudo make install, and you'll be all set!

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